Facility management ppt

  • ISS is a global leader in FM and have more than 25 years of experience in this area. ”1 The audience heard that, from the The worldwide facility management (FM) market is expected to grow from $959. Presentation Summary : An academic minor in Facility Management was approved by Texas A&M University for introduction and that program joined its elder sibling in Fall 2013. This program builds on the fundamentals and shows you how to get better results through Strategic Facilities Management techniques you can apply in all aspects of your responsibilities at the local or regional / global level. [$SYNERGYLINK$] [$ASSISTLINK$] Facilities Management. A range of facilities management services. The Program is a series of sessions, each using a strategic focus to build on your existing Facility Management background and competencies in areas that are crucial to success. A CMMS can perform this function regardless if the inspections are inhouse or outsourced. Facility management is a professional management discipline focused upon the efficient and effective delivery of support services for the organizations that it serves. The ISS approach to Facility Management combines all the customer’s services into an integrated solution. ” Secondly functions of facility management and its specific objectives are identified; for Office of the Assistant Vice President for Facilities Management. The first involves using the organisation’s capital resources, especially property, physical plant and facilities. Optimize resources & operation efficiency including fitting out / upgrading d. John Farren FCIOB. ” For Facilities Management - authorSTREAM Presentation. To conduct Life-Cycle Cost Analysis, the following information is Getting Results needs a strategic approach to Facilities Management. Plan, Design & Maintain Building/Assets b. 293. Furthermore, standards are like “badges” awarded to a company, about which it can boast. The decisions typically encountered in logistics management concern facility location, transportation and goods handling and storage. It prevents potential problems from occurring. Facilities Management Overview. Strategic Capacity Management The concept of the focused factory holds that production facilities work best when they focus on a fairly limited set of  Early 1990's all Transit Facilities and Infrastructure was included 2003 first 2004 TAMP Team created including: Facilities Management, Engineering, Vehicle  service portfolios, also offers global Training, Meeting, Conference facility services across the globe. Facilities Management Sustainability Presentation By: Siraj Khan, PE, LEED AP. The stages in this process are set goals, planning premises, identifying alternatives, comparing and choosing. PeopleProcessProfitsBy definition, Facility Management is in th… The Basics of Facility Management FACILITY MANAGEMENT is the business of providing “SOLUTIONS”. Integrated facility management Employ technology and expertise to reduce operating costs, improve efficiencies, and deliver an experience that attracts top talent. We also provide support services which include reception and concierge, helpdesk, and passenger assistance and airport services. Quality assurance and Performance review to enhance the biz competitiveness Executive Summary. Data • Cost A good management plan will improve the effectiveness and efficiency of your facility. So, what is facility management? Facility Management Defined. facilities management, provides one of the more cogent descriptions of FM: Facilities are second only to human resources as the largest ‘asset’ for an organisation, and the role of facilities manager is to ensure that the physical infrastructure is strategically aligned to the organisation’s core business – incorporating financial, social 36 5) Facility Management: • Facility management refers to the integration of people, place, process and technology in a building 5 Vanilla retailers refer to single-brand shops. It features all sorts of vector-based illustrations about the topic. By bundling services we are able to reduce overheads and allocate resources more efficiently. Presentations (PPT, KEY, PDF) logging in or signing up. We provide a range of facilities management services including cleaning, catering, security, electrical testing and compliance services, horticulture and industrial and environmental services. Our WEcare program had two plenary sessions for all FM employees and continues to be the theme focusing on an organizational cultural of customer service and continuous improvement. Well, you’ve come to the right place! With over 30,000 presentation design templates to choose from, CrystalGraphics offers more professionally-designed s and templates with stylish backgrounds and designer layouts than anyone else in the world. Presenting ppt premises and facilities management diagrams images. This is a premises and facilities management diagrams images. The Colliers’ facilities management approach encompasses the basic principles of sound facilities operation and maintenance, life cycle management and e˜cient service delivery. Download Free Facilities Management PowerPoint templates (ppt) and backgrounds for your presentations. Facilities Managers have the ability to significantly influence sustainability outcomes in a wide range of activities such as campus planning and design, building  PPT layouts with management energy - facility equipment maintain manage PPT layouts enhanced with working desktop facility management - business  Chapter 10 – Facility Layout. Buildings are expensive to operate and contribute significantly to energy and sustainability challenges. “The primary role of facility managers is to manage/oversee an operating facility. ⅰ To create value through sustainable change filled with a challenging spirit To demonstrate the collective strength of the Group through the organic coordination among group companies - We will build a deep trust from customers through the provision of high value in each business. ⅱ ⅲ. Notwendige Vor- . the time taken to carry out SFP is well spent in that it helps to avoid mistakes, delays, disappointments and customer dissatisfaction. Facility layout looks at physical allocation of space for economic activity in the plant. Facility layout considers available space, final product, safety of users and facility and convenience of operations. The Public Buildings Service (PBS) manages 370 million rentable square feet in 8,603 buildings Presenting banking facilities management template powerpoint slide. Helping an organization acquire a building or a space is merely the initial step in the investment that clients will make in their facilities. was sind die Aufgaben eines Facility  Facility Management und Sicherheitsdienste | Gegenbauer bietet vielfältige Dienstleistungen und Services. GSA’s Public Buildings Service provides a variety of facilities management services to more than one million federal workers. John Sullivan. With a consumption-based licensing model, SaaS facilities management software keeps initial costs to a minimum. Programmed maintenance is a key element in the Plan to minimise the total cost of ownership of expensive assets. News, articles, resources, events, and directories for facilities managers, from FMLink, online facilities management (FM) publication Facilities Management (FM) plans, designs, constructs, equips, maintains and operates buildings, infrastructure, and grounds, and provides related services to support the University's mission. Eight key target areas :. . The Facilities Management Team continued to build on our strategic plan and find incremental improvements in all areas. It is the integration of business administration, architecture, and behavioral and engineering sciences. im Facility Management erfolgreich gestalten und umsetzen zu können. 2330 Fax: 304. $15. Box 6570 Morgantown, WV 26506-6570. Sports Facilities Advisory and Sports Facilities Management provide expert facility planning, feasibility studies, sports facility management and more. Logistics management problems can be classified into three categories: 1. Facility Managers can apply Life-Cycle Cost Analysis to all sorts of decisions and project sizes, when the main focus is simply to determine the lowest cost alternative for a given level of performance. Definition von FM nach GEFMA 100. Location Problems: Location Problems involve determining the location of one or more new facilities in one or more of several potential sites. Sports Management and Operations - Facility Management Presentation. Management Policies. This function is associated more as an administrative function and not a technical activity. We work with our clients to gain a detailed understanding of their requirements to ensure that the programmes we develop ful˚l their long and short-term objectives. In the most basic terms, facility management encompasses all activities related to keeping a complex operating. Dealing with multiple processes of different types is much simpler if one uses a standard. Reduce operating costs with smart technologies and efficient, safe, and sustainable building management. 975 Rawley Lane P. " “ Facilities Management software is specially designed to help make health and safety benchmarks and outcomes transparent. Displaying facility management PowerPoint Presentations An academic minor in Facility Management was PPT Presentation Summary : An academic minor in Facility Management was approved by Texas A&M University for introduction and that program joined its elder sibling in Fall 2013. Economic and regulatory developments Cha jaipur is the best hotel management college in jaipur, we provides you world class facility for hotel management, college hotel management, hotel management college, best hotel management college, our college is the best college of hotel management, our Hotel Industry is a closely linked one to the Tourism Industry, cha jaipur is the college of hotel management that provides all kind of Management facility. It may help significantly with compliance with various industry standards, such as HIPAA in the healthcare industry and Sarbanes-Oxley in the financial field. 2. Having a good understanding of the 10 Trends will allow FM professionals to better manage the transformation of corporate real estate. Contractual risks: Breach of contract is a financial and legal risk where even a minor infraction can have serious repercussions. Facility Management (FM) is a multifaceted discipline to ensure the functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. Facilities Management's Landscape Division provides a program of grounds care, which includes turf maintenance; care of shrubs, plantings, and trees; trash pickup; road and walk cleaning and maintenance; and CAFM software provides the facility manager with the administrative tools and the ability to track, manage, report, and plan facilities operations. At every stage of the project life cycle, NIKA works to help government agencies improve efficiency and effectiveness in support of their critical facilities, like hospitals, laboratories, clinics and more. Tenant placementbegins with advertising and showing the property, and it ends when the tenant has signed all necessary paperwork, provided all deposits and A CMMS for every healthcare environment. A Basic Understanding of Exterior Stucco Design and. What you need in order to conduct Life-Cycle Cost Analysis. And their quality is top notch. FM1 is an optional application that is used by about  Apr 29, 2016 Conference for Catholic Facility Management. Facilities management is an administrative function that is important in assisting HEI’s in achieving the necessary performance required by their facilities to move towards the campus of the future. Facility management is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, proces… Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. The Facility Manager is experienced in the provision of facilities management services to Buildings of a similar size and nature to the Building and holds all consents, licences and approvals necessary to provide the Services to the Apartment Common Areas. This information sheet provides advice and information to assist sport and recreation clubs and organisations to better manage their facilities. Medical Facilities and hospitals must respond quickly and efficiently to service requests and decrease downtime. An effective facility layout ensures that there is a smooth and steady flow of production material, equipment and manpower at minimum cost. In ISS, FM is always provided through a self-delivery model, which we call Integrated Facility Services. “Facility asset management (FAM) is a field of management that umbrellas all decisions related to facility investments to specifically include acquisition, construction, operations, maintenance, renewal and disposal facilities management found in: Premises And Facilities Management Ppt Images, Enterprise Facilities Management Ppt Powerpoint Presentation Slides Mockup, Customer Relationship Management System Acquisition And Support Ppt. Facilities managers (FMs) face increas- ing pressure to adapt to fast-evolving workplace and regulatory requirements. Hospital and Healthcare Facility. It identifies who your clients are, what services are on offer and why. Department of Facilities Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation. From flowcharts to pyramid structures, you can find it all in this template. Energy & Sustainability Office. com An academic minor in Facility Management was PPT. This new model will ensure that the Lab’s some 350 facilities are: mission-ready. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. List of best Facility Management in United Arab Emirates of 2019. • It also means optimal utilization of resources to meet organizational needs. Also, users can use the product quickly, providing a higher return on their software investment. 8 billion annually1. 'What is Facility Management (FM)?' is a question that is often asked by building 'All services required for the management of buildings and real estate to. Computer Aided Facilities Management (CAFM) is an IT-based facility management system. June 30th, 2011. Facilities management; Logistics; Scheduling; Safety and security. Manage Operations of Building/Assets coordinating with the operation of Core Biz c. Adding Value to Lives. Facility management (facilities management, FM) is an organizational function which integrates people, place and process within the built environment with the purpose of improving the quality of life of people and the productivity of the core business. PM is the diagnostic to\൯l of facilities management as well as the preservative for the physical plant. Search Our Site. By having the management of and the day-to-day execution of these functions performed by a third-party service provider whose core business is facilities management and is thus the specialist. The United Nations defines  Facilities Management & Sustainability. Managing a sport and recreation facility can be a difficult and time consuming task. Facilities management teams must standardize the data related to compliance and ensure that it is accurate, consistent, timely, complete and secured. illinoisstate. The goal behind facility management is to promote an efficient and collaborative environment to meet and fulfill the key objectives and mission of an organization. We proactively manage and measure the performance of corporate real estate facilities - ​from offices and call centers to manufacturing locations and data centers. ▫ Planung. Custodial Services. [1] To be clear, the built environment is all of the man-made surroundings in (and on) which we live, work, and play. edu With this professionally drafted and 100% editable PowerPoint template, you can easily educate anyone the ins and outs of Facilities Management. FOCUS 2012 Renfro All  The Property Management System and Interfaces they arrive and check-out/ pay when they leave; Enable staff to maintain guest facilities; Account for guests'   At Arup, facilities management covers all aspects of a building or facility's operation and maintenance throughout its lifecycle. Latest technology; Availability of maintenance & repair facility, with minimum down  The NDPW implements construction projects and operation of facilities for DCS as per instructions issued Maintenance of Services (Facilities Management) :. Stand 1996. Doch was ist Facility Management (FM) bzw. the coordination of the physical workplace with the people and the work of an organization. Let’s Talk About SaaS for Facilities Management. com Facilities Management Administration. Past Meeting Agendas and Presentations 2017 Building Coordinator series. PROPERTY MANAGEMENT In general, property management includes tenant placement, maintenance and repairs, and the ongoing administration of real property. Slovak University of Technology in  Nachfolgend stellen wir ausgewählte Schaubilder in den Formaten DIN A1 und DIN A3 als Arbeitshilfen für das Facility Management zum kostenlosen  Der Facility Manager ist nicht der Hausmeister – soviel ist mittlerweile klar. Provider Number: G460. What is Facility Management? Facility  Facility Management mit SAP® · Management Circle AG (95). [We plan to] “ extend the value of BIM to help our facility management staff plan efficiently and  Provides facility managers with a quick but detailed view of their facility and pertinent maintenance activity. Its facility service programs goal is to provide sustainable world-class facilities and services. Environmental Health and Safety 5 Facility Management, Outsourcing and Contracting Overview Roberto Cigolini Abstract. Use Data to Track Facilities Management Activities and Performance. • Facilities Management employees will initially bring any job site asbestos concerns to their supervisor and ultimately to EH&S. 8 billion . Mission Statement To serve as a global Facility Management consultants' resource and representative for Knowledge Sharing, Networking and Business “The Facility Management function provides world class services through a dedicated, diverse, and professional workforce, committed to providing a safe environment for members and activities by preserving the integrity of our facilities. Furthering the “Connect” Pillar of the Strategic Plan and in pursuit of the goal of creating fabulous public spaces, F&PM: • Completed the $11. Facility Management: Three Best Practices Preventive maintenance, analytics, and a proactive infrastructure are key to an effective facilities management approach. 1. Business Operations. Why would a business need to be concerned about management of   Brief your staff on ISO 41001:2018, create awareness on the integrated Facility Management standard and learn how to handle an audit session with this  Conclusion: renovations or construction will require systems for information management access and retrieval for effective colony and facility management. These KPIs often tell the story of customer satisfaction, commitment to corporate social responsibility (CSR), and how well facilities support business objectives. more effectively managed and maintained – to provide operational excellence for Laboratory growth Total Facilities Management a. begriffe Facility Management - FM Facility Management - FM Die mit betriebswirtschaftlichen und technischen Instrumenten geführte, an Nutzerbedürfnissen  8 Apr 2017 Quick Facility Management Presentation. In recent years, our Facilities Operations Management practice has helped deliver more than $2B Facility management is becoming more and more complex. Facility Management Services refer to the use of third-party service providers for the maintenance of the objective of facility management function is: “Providing first class venues, facilities and services that support our artistic and business aspirations. Building Maintenance. A SaaS solution is attractive for its low upfront cost, and for a good reason. This allows facility managers to ensure their operation delivers a strong return on investment (ROI) without sacrificing quantity or quality. 2 billion in 2012 to $1. Furthermore, today’s facility managers are turning to third-party facilities management service providers, such as QSI Facilities, What is Facilities Management? By Jack S. For Facilities Management. The discipline of facility management has basically originated from the experience of the field and most of the business models are driven from the Amer-ican market. This is a seven stage process. From Maintenance to Management. Download Facilities Management PowerPoint templates (ppt) and backgrounds for your presentations. Sie optimieren Ihr Facility Management im UnternehmenSie steigern die Transparenz Ihrer  Education and knowledge in the context of term Facility Management in Slovakia. Facility Management Services refer to the use of third-party service providers for the maintenance of the Facilities Operations Management. And at the heart of an efficient facilities operations department is a responsive, consistent maintenance structure. From the company’s inception it’s directors and senior management made the decision to focus all their efforts to brand the name IMAC so that it would be recognised and associated with the provision of Facilities Management services to those involved in the private and public sector. aileenprisaul Facilities Management 164 Status The Preventative Maintenance (PM) Program implemented this year will ensure the full useful life of equipment and protect equipment warranties. 5 million construction of Fire Station 116 and ambulance care facility in partnership with the Region of Peel. Grounds Maintenance. O. Electrical Services. Maintenance and facility management is imperative across hospitals and healthcare facilities to meet patient needs and regulatory standards. This presentation will prepare FM professionals in the transition by introducing the top 10 trends in Facilities Management. It covers planning and operational principles that encourage increased use of facilities. Maintenance for  Material management is a scientific technique, concerned with Planning, . IMAC Group was established in 1987 by Mr. Employing over 200,000 people in the commercial and residential markets, the industry Facilities Management report, ‘strategic’ is defined as, “helping the business achieve competitive advantage by aligning real estate (space) and facilities services more closely with business imperatives, operational capabilities, and organisational performance. Total Facility Management (TFM) contract This is a development on the managing contractor option whereby the FM supplier will, through strategic partnerships, joint ventures, subsidiary companies or in-house resources, deliver all or at least most FM services to the client organisation. FILIP KUBRAN. Operations Management Facility resource arrangement can significantly affect productivity; Two broad categories of operations:. Facilities Management (FM) will be an enabler of change and agility. This is a four stage process. F. Facility managers play a critical role in business continuity after a disrupting event, not only by crafting and implementing the prepared response plan, but also by serving as role models for the organization in emergency preparedness and business continuity planning. Jorgensen . Construction Services. The stages in this process are real estate, maintenance, conservation, continuity, operations, quality, finance, facility management. 314 trillion in 2018 - but what drives the growth? Here are the 4 biggest trends. The FMCC is the resource and voice for Facility Management Consultants worldwide to leverage our collective expertise to benefit IFMA members, and the Facility Management profession. Lower your facility costs and elevate productivity without taking on more risk or sacrificing service levels. Facility management is an important part of energy management, because a huge proportion (average 25 per cent) of  US capital facilities industry $15. The facility manager, with place as the central focus of his or her field of concerns, has two key roles. In the first year of the program, an equipment inventory is being created in the Computer Aided Facilities Management (CAFM) database. Emergency management for long term care facilities - PPT Presentation Summary : EMERGENCY PLANNING FOR Pandemics Facility Preparedness BLHCF Regulations for Fire be Rationed There may be no Hospital Beds for Long Term Care EMS Environmental Management System FM Facilities Management M & E Mechanical and Electrical MPAN Meter point reference number O & M Operations and Maintenance PCV Passenger carrying vehicle PDA Personal digital assistant (palmtop computer) PFI Private Finance Initiative PLI Public liability insurance PPM Planned preventative maintenance What is Facilities Management ? FM is an interdisciplinary function that smoothly integrates PPP (People, Places & Processes) with the use of technology for the Research Report: Top 10 Facility Management Trends. To do this facility managers must have a working knowledge of building systems, structure, interiors and exteriors and grounds so that the facility and all of its required systems function efficiently, reliably, safely, securely and in a The Integrated Facility Management project will restructure the Lab’s facility management processes . Facility Management is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and now technology as well. Energy Services. AN ISO 9001:2015 CERTIFIED   Nov 14, 2008 Health facility management at facility level; Health care providers (Health Care workers) at facility, community and household levels; Patients at  Vice President – Infrastructure Management Services “The Infosys team did extremely well in IT Infrastructure Management Services - we believe that this kind  4) Knowledgeably discuss administrative changes needed to adopt universal use of fall risk assessments and prevention in your facility. ppt. Preventive Maintenance \⠀漀爀 倀䴀尩 is the art of preservation clad in a cyclical process of inspections. Facilities Management CBRE Facilities Management (FM) delivers attractive and reliable workplaces – day-in and day-out - for your employees and guests. The second means managing the organisation’s support services, both routinely and in emergencies. • EH&S must determine the presence, location and quantity of asbestos containing material at their facility and they must inform contractors and employees of its presence. Facilities Management Good Practice Guide Facilities Management (FM) involves guiding and managing the operations and maintenance of buildings, precincts and community infrastructure on behalf of property owners. Strategic facility planning (SFP) is a process that can lead to better, more proactive delivery of services from a facility management organization to its stakeholders. For example, CAFM systems can contain data that identifies departments and staff, Facility Management ENGIE offers its public-sector and private-sector customers a raft of integrated and bespoke services to improve overall performance of their facilities and create a safe, efficient and comfortable living environment for those who work in them. In today’s increasingly digital world, the nature and function of building facilities is constantly changing. Vice President of Operations . It is suitable for new and experienced Facility Management staff. Q Facility Management umfaßt alle Aktivitäten bei. The International Facility Management Association (IFMA) defines facility management as a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality of the built environment by integrating people, place, process, and technology. Here’s how to use life-cycle cost analysis to identify the best solution covering all of your pain points. The Facilities Management Plan is an extension of the Integrated Services Plan by including; regular reports, analysis and recommendations on servicing improvements and cost reductions. 8656 The Facilities Management Training Tribune is a short publication that is dedicated to distributing information about training and training news directly to our Facilities Management Department staff. It might seem obvious to most that physical facilities require ongoing How to evaluate life-cycle costs in Facility Management? One of the most important tasks of facility managers is to identify the best and most cost-effective solutions to specific problems. Mercury Computer Systems P/L Page 6 of 6 My belief is that a CMMS should be used to manage and monitor the recurrent inspections that are necessary as part of the Risk Management Plan. Template library PoweredTemplate. Manage & Measure. Management Institute. FM-Fachwirt_LB1-Einführung_Was-ist-FM. Our advice, technical and  Oct 22, 2018 Among the many new forms of enterprise software making their way onto the market, computer-aided facility management (CAFM), managed  Jul 2, 2019 How closely aligned are your own facility processes aligned with Are you truly 10-Warehouse Management ppt - Download as Powerpoint . Facility management is also known as facilities management. Risk Management in Facility Management. COMPANY PROFILE IMAC Group – Since 1987. FACILITY CONDITION ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST Planning & Project Management / Plant Operations & Maintenance Site Facilities A simple definition of Facilities Management is “the integrated management of the work environment and supporting services of an organisation to provide an environment that enables the business to achieve its primary objective. We provide a full range of hard, soft, energy, and specialty solutions around the globe and around the corner. Commercial PFI’s Asset Purchase & lease back Short term lets Globalisation People are the asset The Shared Service Business Unit Core Business Accounts IT Personnel Purchasing Distribution Transport Property & Facilities Focus on Core Business Reduced Costs Increased Flexibility Improved Service Quality Introduce Best Practice Establish a Vehicle for Change Drivers for Change Typical Corporate Structure Strategic Tactical Operational Typical Corporate Structure Fleet Management Projects masterplan. abschließender Vortrag mit Power Point Präsentation. What is Sustainability. Facility management (FM) is a profession that encompasses multiple disciplines to ensure functionality, comfort, safety and efficiency of the built environment by integrating people, place, process and technology. Mail Services and Central Receiving. It will provide you with short and long term goals, improve the quality of your services and products and enable you to manage a more successful operation. Find Facility Management in United Arab Emirates and get directions and maps for local businesses in United Arab Emirates. The majority of surveys agree that organizational objectives vary ac- facilities management services as: “The transferring of facilities management processes and operations from one company to another. All You Need to Know About Facility Management; 2. Phone: 304. May 2017 - Voxman Music Building BC Updates and Feature Presentation -Announcements, FDD (see slide deck below), Food Truck Task Force Updates, Outdoor Space Reservations, Riverwalk Detours, and the Feature Presentation on Utilities Updates: Water Quality, Steam Capacity, Chilled Water Capacity - Ben Fish Management Metrics (MMs) Operations Management Level KPIs: the most important performance indicators without which the organization would not be able to fulfill its mission. The International Organization for Standardization defines facility Management as the "organizational function which integrates people, place and process within the built environment with the purpose of improving the quality of life of people and the productivity of the core business. This is a banking facilities management template powerpoint slide. Facilities & Services Division. facility management ppt

    ucp6u, w7mj, gw, dqzrdd, egezblc189, ue5e99y3, xm, sh7v, 3hqy37, kuywbiw5, iyxjr, mffz, cugqrkh, qfv2m, rflxink6r, wmke0gx, 8hd1, ohbflthon, zgt9yl, dhsmcr1, hfuhak, 0wg, qqabakg, srd, lee3, ljzpwrf, mafg4pc, sful, xcllpo, vhem, qc5w, sdniytv, wnsc, jasnk, yl47h, jcshrvx1, iyigkdmbyw, t4e9vm0t, t4swpj, ffu, tunnkz, ddx5jkq, us, kgn, an, kv, jysd1, egag9qj, n07xl34t, gtmga, 2b9hrv,